﻿ AppNote 001 - Calculating Code 128 Barcode Checksum in FoxPro makebarcode.com

# AppNote 001 Calculating Code 128 Barcode Checksum in FoxPro

This FoxPro code will calculate a Code 128 checksum for Subset B and format the final string.  Barcode fonts from different publishers may map the start and stop characters to different locations, so be sure to check.

The general method involves pre-loading a subtotal to the numeric value of the Code 128 Subset B start character (104).  Then scan the data string, multiplying the numeric value of each character by its position in the string (1st character * 1, 2nd character * 2, etc.) and adding the result to the running subtotal.  Then perform a Modulo 103 division (divide by 103 and take the remainder) on the subtotal and convert the result to a character.

``` * * Initialize running total with value of start character, then scan the * string and add character value times position * SUBTOT = 104 FOR I = 1 TO LEN(MYSTRING) C = SUBSTR(MYSTRING, I, 1) X = VAL(C) - 32 SUBTOT = SUBTOT + (X * I) NEXT I * * Calculate Modulo 103. This is the checksum * CHKDIG = MOD(SUBTOT, 103) * * Now convert numeric checksum to a character. This conversion takes * into account the particular mapping of the font being used (this * example is for the font published by Azalea Software). * DO CASE CASE CHKDIG = 0 CHKCHR = CHR(174) CASE CHKDIG < 94 CHKCHR = CHR(CHKDIG + 32) OTHERWISE CHKCHR = CHR(CHKDIG + 71) ENDCASE * * Now format the final output string: start character, * data, check character, and stop character. * OUTSTRING = CHR(162) + MYSTRING + CHKCHR + CHR(164) ```